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Title: Lay knowledge of HPV infection and the vaccine against HPV in Greece
Authors: Νοταρά, Βενετία
Σουλτάτου, Πελαγία
Τσέλικα, Αγλαΐα
Item type: Conference publication
Keywords: Papillomaviruses;Sexual health;Ιός Ανθρωπίνων Θηλωμάτων;Εμβολιασμός;Σεξουαλική υγεία;Vaccination;Lay knowledge
Subjects: Medicine
Issue Date: 16-Jul-2014
Date of availability: 15-Jul-2014
Publisher: Μαρβάκη, Χριστίνα
Abstract: Background: The human papilloma virus is sexually transmitted and is related to cancer mostly, yet not limited, to the female reproductive system. However it is nowadays possible to prevent the particular transmission of the virus due to the vaccine against HPV, among other screening and preventive measures. Aims: This exploratory descriptive research study, taking into account the high prevalence of HPV, its oncogenic effect but also the opportunities of prevention, attempts to explore the degree of awareness of health care service users of reproductive age regarding HPV and immunization against it in Greece. Methods: The population sample included individuals (n=144) of mean reproductive age (19-49 years old) selected as health care service users in Attica and Crete in 2009. A small scale descriptive quantitative survey was conducted employing a structured closed type questionnaire. The questionnaire included questions on the respondents’ socio-demographic profile, sexual behaviors, awareness of the HPV and the vaccine against HPV. The SPSS 13.0 software and descriptive statistics were employed to analyzing the data. Results: An overrepresentation of women (68%) is observed in the sample, while the majority, yet marginal, of participants hold higher education degrees (54%) and are married (56%). The vast majority of the respondents (93%) reported having sexual intercourse, while a significant percentage (62%) of the respondents reported regular use of protective means. Regarding the sources of information, only 16% of the participants appears to use valid sources, while considerable confusion about the symptoms of the disease and the diagnostic methods is observed. 1 / 5 of the sample is not aware of the main ways of transmission of the virus and 1 / 3 report wrong ways of transmission. Finally, only 8% of the sample is vaccinated against HPV and 30% is unaware of the vaccine. Conclusions: The self-reported sexual behaviors, information on HPV and the vaccine against the virus are almost satisfactory. However an extremely small proportion of the respondents is immunized against HPV. Concurrently, significant knowledge gaps are evident regarding HPV and the vaccine against HPV.
Language: English
Citation: Notara, V., Soutlarou, P., Tselika, A. (2012) Lay knowledge of HPV infection and the vaccine against HPV in Greece. "Health Science Journal". 6 (2). p. 270-79.
Journal: Health Science Journal
Type of Journal: With a review process (peer review)
Access scheme: Publicly accessible
License: Αναφορά Δημιουργού-Μη Εμπορική Χρήση-Όχι Παράγωγα Έργα 3.0 Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες
Appears in Collections:Τόμος 6, τεύχος 2 (Απρ. - Ιουν. 2012)

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