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Title: Leishmaniases and the Cyprus Paradox
Authors: Μαζερής, Απόστολος
Σωτηριάδου, Καίτη
Dedet, Jean-Pierre
Item type: Journal article
Subjects: Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous
Veterinary medicine--Practice
Issue Date: 16-Jul-2014
Date of availability: 16-Jul-2014
Publisher: The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Abstract: In Cyprus, leishmaniasis has been considered exclusively a veterinary problem. It was prevalent before 1945, and until its recent reemergence, it was nearly eradicated by 1996 as a consequence of the destruction of reservoir hosts and vectors. A survey carried out to provide an unbiased estimate of current transmission rates in dogs and humans showed a 9-fold increase in dog seroprevalence (reaching 14.9%) compared with 10 years ago. However, no human cases caused by Leishmania infantum were detected, although L. donovani cases were reported recently. The 62 strains iso- lated from dogs were typed as L. infantum MON-1 (98.4%), which is the predominating zymodeme in the Mediterranean region, and MON-98 (1.6%). The Phlebotomus species P. tobbi (vector of L. infantum in Cyprus), P. galilaeus , and P. papatasi were the predominant species captured. Two transmission cycles seem to run in parallel in Cyprus: in dogs with L. infantum and in humans with L. donovani .
Language: English
Journal: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Type of Journal: With a review process (peer review)
Access scheme: Publicly accessible
License: Αναφορά Δημιουργού 3.0 Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες
Appears in Collections:Δημοσιεύσεις

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