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Title: Wildland fire spread modelling using cellular automata
Alternative title / Subtitle: evolution in large-scale spatially heterogeneous environments under fire suppression tactics
Authors: Αλεξανδρίδης, Αλέξανδρος Π.
Βακάλης, Δημήτρης
Μπάφας, Γιώργος Β.
Σιέττος, Κωνσταντίνος Ι.
Russo, Lucia
Item type: Journal article
Keywords: Complex systems;geographical information systems;mountainous landscapes;υστήματα γεωγραφικών πληροφοριών;πολύπλοκα συστήματα;ορεινά τοπία
Subjects: Technology
Electrical engineering
Ηλεκτρολογία Μηχανολογία
Issue Date: 3-Jun-2015
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Abstract: We show how microscopic modelling techniques such as Cellular Automata linked with detailed geographical information systems (GIS) and meteorological data can be used to efficiently predict the evolution of fire fronts on mountainous and heterogeneous wild forest landscapes. In particular, we present a lattice-based dynamic model that includes various factors, ranging from landscape and earth statistics, attributes of vegetation and wind field data to the humidity of the fuel and the spotting transfer mechanism. We also attempt to model specific fire suppression tactics based on air tanker attacks utilising technical specifications as well as operational capabilities of the aircrafts. We use the detailed model to approximate the dynamics of a large-scale fire that broke out in a region on the west flank of the Greek National Park of Parnitha Mountain in June of 2007. The comparison between the simulation and the actual results showed that the proposed model predicts the fire-spread characteristics in an adequate manner. Finally, we discuss how such a detailed model can be exploited in order to design and develop, in a systematic way, fire risk management policies.
Language: English
Citation: ALEXANDRIDIS, A.P., RUSSO, L., VAKALIS, D., BAFAS, G.V. & SIETTOS, C.I. (2011). Wildland fire spread modelling using cellular automata: evolution in large-scale spatially heterogeneous environments under fire suppression tactics. International Journal of Wildland Fire. [online] 20 (5). p. 633-647. Available from:
Journal: International Journal of Wildland Fire
Type of Journal: With a review process (peer review)
Access scheme: Embargo
License: Αναφορά Δημιουργού-Μη Εμπορική Χρήση-Όχι Παράγωγα Έργα 3.0 Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες
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