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Title: Πολεοδομικός σχεδιασμός
Alternative title / Subtitle: για μια βιώσιμη ανάπτυξη του αστικού χώρου
Authors: Αραβαντινός, Αθανάσιος Ι.
Contributors: Βλαστός, Θάνος (επ.συμβ.)
Γεράρδη, Κλειτώ (επ.συμβ.)
Γετίμης, Παναγιώτης (επ.συμβ.)
Γεωργουλής, Δημήτρης (επ.συμβ.)
Κοντορούπης, Γεώργιος (επ.συμβ.)
Κουκλέλη, Ελένη (επ.συμβ.)
Πάνζαρης, Θεόδωρος (επ.συμβ.)
Σερράος, Κωνσταντίνος (επ.συμβ.)
Χατζημπίρος, Κίμων (επ.συμβ.)
Χριστοφιλόπουλος, Δημήτρης (επ.συμβ.)
Item type: Book
Keywords: Urban planning;Country planning;Πολεοδομία;Χωροταξία
Subjects: Engineering
Civil engineering
Πολιτική μηχανική
Issue Date: 24-Dec-2014
Date of availability: 24-Dec-2014
Publisher: Εκδόσεις Συμμετρία
Abstract: This book is addressed to the student of town planning at an undergraduate and at a postgraduate level, as well as to the researcher. Furthermore, it is of use to the professional consultant and to the functionaries of government and of authorities, wether central or local, including town planners, architects, civil engineers, lawyers, economists, sociologists, geographers, and others. At the same time, this book is intended to make politicians and decision-makers alike, more aware of the problems and also of the possibilities of a sound urban policy, as well as of their role in the determination and the administration of such policy. Finally, there are elements included, which are indirectly addressed to the general public and specifically to those who inform the citizenry. Indeed, it is the impression of the author that this publication may well contribute in the formulation of a new awareness of urban matters. Even though the material and the general direction of this work focuses mostly upon aspects of urban life in Greece, a substantial amount of information and of proposals relate to characteristics of urban life beyond the borders of one country. The introduction, which is also the first Chapter, deals with the city and town planning in general, and includes a discussion on the historical paragons that affect the genesis and the evolution of cities, as well as an assessment of town planning in terms of its goals and in relation to other sciences and the arts. Chapters 2 through to 5 constitute Part A of the book and present issues relating to the theoretical aspects of the science of town planning in the international scene. Specifically, Chapter 2 introduces the principles of town planning and the various methods of theoretical approach, including those of classification, description, explanation and predetermination. Chapter 3 discusses the theory and in particular the traditional principles of planning. Chapter 4 analyses the methodology of master planning. It also includes a thorough discussion on the various parts of the study, from the analysis of data to the development of alternative proposals, their assessment and the selection of the most appropriate option. The final chapter of Part A presents a critique of the above methodologies with reference to a discussion relating to alternative ways of approaching planning, including those of mixed scanning, disjointed incrementalism, urban management, corporate planning, participatory planning, advocacy planning, negotiation-meditation, and others. Part B consists of Chapters 6 through to 13 and addresses the subject of town planning in practice. Chapter 6 discusses the current legislative and organisational infrastructure in Greece. The remainder of the Chapters discuss the various categories of representational plans used in planning. Master planning is presented in Chapter 7, land-use planning in Chapter 8, zoning and the building regulations in Chapter 9, while urban design is presented in Chapter 10. Chapter 11 includes the master plans which currently control urban development in Greece, while Chapter 12 pays reference to the metropolitan plan for the greater Athens area. For the last couple of years, a number of municipalities in Greece, and particular that of Athens, has adopted an approach to town planning, whose intention it is to regenerate significant parts of cities. A number of these regeneration projects is shown in chapter 13. Reference is also made to the work carrried out by the Urban Planning Research Centre of the National Technical Univercity of Athens (N.T.U.A.) on the urban regeneration of the Commercial Triangle of Athens city-centre. The proposals of the study group have already been incorporated in a presidential decree which, in turn, has determined policies on land use, changes in building regulations, strategic interventions in parts of the whole, pedestrianisation projects, and so on. Part C includes Chapters 14 through to 16 and deals specifically with the crucial issue of housing in planning. Chapter 14 lays emphasis upon the structure of housing in the built environment, and in particular of the principle of neighbourhood units, as applied in other countries during the past fifty years. The attempt to divide the built environment of Greece into neighbourhood units of various sizes is also discussed in this Chapter. Chapter 15 presents the reader with the principles and the methodology of a comrehensive housing development in relation to commonly used planning parameters. Chapter 16 deals specifically with the principles of urban regeneration, as illustrated through a number of urban projects carried out abroad, all of which, it is hoped, provide clues as to the solving of similar problems within Greece. Part D includes Chapters 17 through to 20, and is dedicated to the issue of traffic, in relation to the necessity of sustainable development. Chapter 17 pays particular dues to the creation and the geography of patterns created by the movement of people and of vehicles within the built environment, and their expansion following the introduction of the automobile. Chapter 18 deals with the detrimental effect the automobile has had upon the cities of today. Chapter 19 discusses a number of interventions as realised through planning that are designed to counter the effect of the automobile. These include the introduction of a street hierarchy, the control of car-parking, the strengthening of public transport, and the promotion of alternative means of transport, such as the bicycle. Chapter 20 is devoted to aspects of pedestrian movement and more specifically to the implementation of small-scale and large-scale pedestrianisation projects. It is of significance to note that the various urban regeneration programmes dealing with the unification of the areas of archeological interest found throughout the city-centre of Athens are mentioned in this specific part of the book. Part E is the last section of this book, and includes a number of essays dealing with subjects of special interest, such as that of environmental awareness. Specifically, Chapter 21 describes, in brief, the environmental problems faced by the cities of developed and of Third World countries, the principal reasons that lead to the deterioration of the urban environment, and concludes by laying particular emphasis upon the significance of urban space and environmental studies in general. Chapter 22, on the other hand, introduces the subject of the technical infrastructure that is available today, and the possibilities it offers to profnote the concept of «smart cities», in terms of environmental and of technical and economic interests Such devices include the management of water, electricity, natural gas, wastage disposal, and so on. Another significant aspect of the available technical infrastructrue is that of information technology packages, discussed in Chapter 23, and including the Geographical Information Systems (G.I.S.), computer-aided design, data base systems, and so on. The epilogue, that is also Chapter 24 of the book touches upon the concerns and dilemmas faced by town planners which are created by the unstable conditions that are typical of the world today. Specifically, this final Chapter pays particular reference to the socio-economic conditions of today, generated by the increased mobility of social groups that has developed following the sudden end of Socialism in the east. Tribute is also paid to the problems caused by socio-economic developments in the west, where unemployment is increasing dramatically owing to the elimination of the traditional working environment of the factory, a situation which is already having serious effects to the very fabric and the function of the city. In response to such new conditions, some European cities destroy their stock of factories and warehouses and replace them with a new typology of functions, whilst other cities protect and maintain the old workplace, by introducing new uses to it. Finally, in other cases, the remnants of the past industrial age are treated as museum artefacts, thus becoming frozen cultural icons of the memory of the twentieth century. In conclusion the author discusses the significance of the human factor in the development of solutions to there problems, and pinpoints the necessity of the politicians to be more aware and decisive, of the technocrats to be more knowledgeable, and of the population to behave in a more social and less individualistic way.
Language: Greek
Citation: Αραβαντινός, Α. (1997). Πολεοδομικός σχεδιασμός: για μια βιώσιμη ανάπτυξη του αστικού χώρου. 1η. Εκδόσεις Συμμετρία.
Book Edition: 1
Access scheme: Publicly accessible
License: Αναφορά Δημιουργού-Μη Εμπορική Χρήση-Όχι Παράγωγα Έργα 3.0 Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες
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