Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11400/4134
Title: A systematic study of the performance of the CsI:Tl single-crystal scintillator under X-ray excitation
Authors: Βαλαής, Ιωάννης Γ.
Νικολόπουλος, Δημήτριος Σ.
Καλύβας, Νεκτάριος Ι.
Γαϊτάνης, Αναστάσιος
Λούντος, Γεώργιος
Contributors: Σιανούδης, Ιωάννης Α.
Γιόκαρης, Νικόλαος
Κάβουρας, Διονύσης Α.
Δημητρόπουλος, Νικόλαος
Νομικός, Κωνσταντίνος Δ.
Κανδαράκης, Ιωάννης Σ.
Παναγιωτάκης, Γεώργιος Σ.
Item type: Journal article
Keywords: Inorganic scintillators;Nuclear counters;Ανόργανοι σπινθηριστές;Ανιχνευτές ακτινοβολίας
Subjects: Medicine
Biomedical engineering
Ιατρική
Βιοϊατρική τεχνολογία
Issue Date: 16-Jan-2015
2007
Date of availability: 16-Jan-2015
Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd
Abstract: The light emission performance of the X-ray excited CsI:Tl single-crystal scintillator was investigated as a function of X-ray tube voltage and crystal thickness. Four CsI:Tl single-crystal layers (CRYOS Ltd., Ukraine) with thickness from 1 to 7 mm were irradiated employing two X-ray tube voltage ranges: (i) the 22–45 kV (molybdenum anode–molybdenum filter (Mo/Mo)) range, employed in mammographic imaging and (ii) the 40–140 kV (tungsten anode–aluminum filter) tube voltage range, used in general X-ray projection and tomographic imaging. The X-ray luminescence efficiency (light emission spectrum over incident X-ray fluence) of the crystals was determined by performing light emission spectrum and X-ray exposure measurements. In addition, the intrinsic conversion efficiency (fraction of the absorbed X-ray converted into light) and the spectral compatibility to various optical detectors were estimated from these measurements. The luminescence efficiency was found to be a nonlinear function of crystal thickness and of X-ray tube voltage. Peak efficiency (29.5 μWm−2/mRs) was observed for the 5 mm thick crystal at 140 kV. A secondary efficiency peak was observed at 42 kV (Mo anode) probably due to the effect of the K-photoelectric absorption edge (at 33 and 35 keV for Cs and I, respectively). For the thicker (7 mm) crystal, the efficiency was found to decrease due to light attenuation effects within the scintillator mass.
Language: English
Citation: Valais, I., Nikolopoulos, D., Kalivas, N., Gaitanis, A., Loudos, G., et al. (February 2007). A systematic study of the performance of the CsI:Tl single-crystal scintillator under X-ray excitation. nuclear instruments and methods in physics research A. 571(1-2). pp. 343–345. Elsevier Science Ltd. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com [Accessed 07/11/2006]
Journal: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A
Type of Journal: With a review process (peer review)
Access scheme: Publicly accessible
License: Αναφορά Δημιουργού-Μη Εμπορική Χρήση-Όχι Παράγωγα Έργα 3.0 Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11400/4134
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