Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11400/4559
Title: Molecular imaging through 1H MRS and MRSI in everyday routine: improvements in various clinical applications and parameter optimization of spectroscopic imaging sequences
Authors: Καρατόπης, Αναστάσιος
Μπενέκος, Οδυσσέας
Ευσταθόπουλος, Ευστάθιος Π.
Βαλαής, Ιωάννης Γ.
Κανδαράκης, Ιωάννης Σ.
Contributors: Κελέκης, Νικόλαος
Item type: Journal article
Keywords: Acquisition optimization;Spectrum processing;Εξαγορά βελτιστοποίησης;Επεξεργασία φάσματος
Subjects: Medicine
Physics
Ιατρική
Φυσική
Issue Date: 22-Jan-2015
2007
Date of availability: 22-Jan-2015
Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd
Abstract: In the era of molecular imaging, in vivo 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) are impacting dramatically upon virtually all areas of clinical medicine. MRS and MRSI should be able to identify key biochemical changes, much before the tumour becomes detectable by other functional imaging methods that mainly rely upon single markers that are not entirely sensitive or specific for malignant activity. Combined with other imaging techniques a rapidly advancing modality like MRI offer the ability to estimate the presence of metabolites yields much information regarding tissue. Molecular imaging through magnetic resonance could be potentially suited for screening and repeated monitoring since it entails no exposure to ionizing radiation. Incorporation of these tools in clinical practice is, however, limited due to the considerable amount of user intervention. In this work, various acquisition parameters and their effects in spectrum quality are investigated. In order to assess the quality of various spectroscopic techniques (2D and multi-slice MRSI, multiple echo SI), a series of experiments were conducted using a standard solution. The application of water and fat suppression techniques and their compatibility with other parameters were also investigated. The stability of the equipment, the appearance of errors and artifacts and the reproducibility of the results were also examined to obtain useful conclusions for the interaction of acquisition parameters. All the data were processed with specialized computer software (jMRUI 2.2) to analyze various aspects of the measurements and quantify various parameters such as signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), full-width at half-maximum (FWHM), peak height and j-modulation. The experience acquired from the conducted experiments was successfully applied in acquisition parameter optimization and improvement of clinical applications (two dimensional (2D) MRSI of prostate, brain and muscle MRS) by significantly improving the spectrum quality, SNR (up to 75%), spatial resolution in 2D MRSI, water and fat suppression and in some cases reducing exam times (up to 60%).
Description: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Molecular Imaging Technology-EuroMedIm 2006
Language: English
Citation: Karatopis, A., Benekos, O., Efstathopoulos, E., Valais, I., Kandarakis, I., et al. (February 2007). Molecular imaging through 1H MRS and MRSI in everyday routine: Improvements in various clinical applications and parameter optimization of spectroscopic imaging sequences. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A. 571(1-2). pp. 502–505. Elsevier Science Ltd. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com [Accessed 16/11/2006]
Journal: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A
Type of Journal: With a review process (peer review)
Access scheme: Publicly accessible
License: Αναφορά Δημιουργού-Μη Εμπορική Χρήση-Όχι Παράγωγα Έργα 3.0 Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11400/4559
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