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Title: Planned tourism destinations, a strategy for development?
Alternative title / Subtitle: the case of Cancun, Mexico.
Authors: Guerrero-Rodríguez, Rafael
Item type: Conference publication
Keywords: Tourism;Development;Cancun;Policy process;Politics;Τουρισμός;Ανάπτυξη;Κανκούν;Διαδικασία πολιτικής;Πολιτικές
Subjects: Geography
Issue Date: 5-Feb-2015
Publisher: ΔΡ.Α.Τ.Τ.Ε.- Ινστιτούτο Τουριστικών Μελετών και Ερευνών
Abstract: Abstract The development of tourism destinations worldwide has been portrayed as an effective vehicle to achieve development goals. The economic potential of tourism-related activities has captured the attention of several governments generating a special interest to obtain all its benefits for the local contexts in which tourists resorts are built. However, the experience has shown that tourism has failed -especially in developing countries- to contribute to development ends (Gamble, 1989; Richter, 1989; Sharpley and Telfer, 2002). This paper will examine the implementation of tourism policy in Mexico in the early 1970s. This policy included the planning and construction of tourist resorts throughout the Mexican coasts with the aim to transform these places into development poles. Cancun, one of the planned resorts, has become the most important Mexican destination contributing with approximately 35% of the Mexico’s total receipts by tourism-related activities (FONATUR, 2005). Its international fame derived from its explosive growth and massive marketing has historically eclipsed the social and political implications of the government’s intervention in this place. The lack of attention to these processes has produced an information gap that this paper wishes to address. This work utilises Hall’s (1994) model to examine tourism policy processes. Special consideration will be paid to some of the political and social consequences that this policy has produced over time. The main conclusion of this paper is that the design, implementation and subsequent changes of this policy in Cancun has had direct effects in the unequal distribution of benefits from tourism-related activities, privileging the interests of powerful groups -national and foreign- of the tourism industry over local interests on economic, social, environmental, political, or cultural development.
Language: English
Citation: Guerrero-Rodríguez, R. (2010). Planned tourism destinations, a strategy for development?: the case of Cancun, Mexico.. Tourism Issues .13. p.121-137.
Journal: Τουριστικά θέματα
Tourism Issues
Type of Journal: Without a review process
Access scheme: 
License: Αναφορά Δημιουργού-Μη Εμπορική Χρήση-Όχι Παράγωγα Έργα 3.0 Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες
Appears in Collections:Τεύχος 13 (Σεπτέμβριος 2010)

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